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18世紀第一次工業革命,不只是劃時代的技術革命,也是全球氣候暖化的起點。

由於人類大量使用煤炭、石油等化石燃料,作為經濟發展的能源使用,使得碳排放濃度開始增高,伴隨著機械運轉所帶來的溫室氣體,讓全球氣溫也開始升高。

過去的200年,全球平均氣溫急遽上升1.2°C,大量的冰川、冰山融解,使得海平面上升,擾亂了洋流及熱帶氣旋,更讓過去百年難得一遇的極端氣候,自21世紀起逐漸成為日常。

暖化巨獸的誕生,無疑給世界各國敲響警鐘,全球經濟快速發展的背後,資源耗竭、環境破壞帶來無止盡的氣候災難。人類開始反思如何減緩便利生活下所帶來的氣候衝擊,因為氣候變遷所影響的已不再是單一對象,而是整個世代,當所有人都將成為氣候變遷下的受害者,積極行動就成為唯一的選擇。

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The first industrial revolution in the 18th century was not only an epoch-making technological revolution, but the origin point of global warming. Owing to the large quantity use of fossil fuels such as coal and petroleum by humans as energy for economic development, the concentration of carbon emissions has begun to increase. In the wake of greenhouse gases caused by the operation of machine, the global temperature has begun to rise.

 

In the past 200 years, the global average temperature has risen sharply by 1.2°C, and a large number of glaciers and icebergs melted, resulting in sea-level rise, disrupting ocean current and tropical cyclone, and making extreme weather, which are rarely seen in the past 100 years, therefore, it has become a common phenomenon since 21st century.

The creation of the global warming monster has undoubtedly sounded the alarm for all countries in the world. Behind the rapid development of the global economy, resources exhaustion and environmental damages have provoked endless climate disasters. Human beings start to reflect on how to mitigate the climate impact caused by convenient life; climate change is no longer influencing to individual, but an entire generation. As all people may become victims of climate change, proactive action is the only choice.

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儘管氣候變遷所帶來的影響是整個世代,

但發展中國家的女性遭受的氣候影響卻遠超乎你的想像。

 

此外,發展中國家也因傳統文化以及性別不平等的桎梏,婦女必須承擔更多的家務勞動及生計,讓處於社會和經濟弱勢的女性相較男性受到更高的氣候衝擊,更加劇女性的貧窮與困境問題。

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Even the weather change has influenced on the whole world, the women in developing countries suffered from weather change is far from imagine.

 

The rich countries have discharged the massive greenhouse gases on the way of economic development. Many developing countries are not responsible for greenhouse gases emissions, however, they are lack of money and resources to protect themselves for fighting against climate crisis and being forced to bear evil consequence.

 

In addition, owing to the shackles of traditional cultures and gender inequality in developing countries, women have to undertake more household labor and livelihood, making women in social and economic disadvantage that may be more vulnerable to climate impacts than men,  aggravating women's poverty and predicament problem.

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1962年,開啟環境運動的先驅-瑞秋卡森(Rachel Louise Carson)女士,因為人類過度使用DDT殺蟲劑,使得DDT進入生態系食物鏈,破壞了環境以及生態平衡,於是瑞秋卡森出版《寂靜的春天》一書,揭露化學污染對人類文明及地球環境的危害,也點燃了人們對於環境的關注。

 

1977年,馬賽伊(Wangari Maathai)女士認知到森林快速濫伐,將導致自然環境及生物棲地破壞的問題,因而發起「綠帶運動」,呼籲肯亞的農村婦女在肯亞各地種下了超過三千萬棵樹。2004年,馬賽伊成為了諾貝爾和平獎得主,是和平獎首次頒給非洲女性,也是環保人士首次獲獎。

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In 1962, Ms. Rachel Louise Carson, the pioneer who started the environmental movement, recognized the excessive use of DDT pesticides by humans and it had influenced on food chain of the ecosystems to destroy the environment and the ecological balance. Therefore, she published the book, "Silent Spring", to reveal the harm of chemical contamination to mankind civilization and the earth's environment, and also aroused people's attention to the environment.

In 1977, Ms. Wangari Maathai realized that the rapid deforestation will result from the destruction of the natural environment and living habitats, so she launched the "Green Belt Movement", appealing to rural women in Kenya have planted over thirty million trees all over Kenya. In 2004, She became the laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize, the first time of the Peace Prize has been awarded to an African woman and also the first time an environmentalist won the prize.

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2018年,瑞典氣候少女格蕾塔桑柏格(Greta Tintin Eleonora Ernman Thunberg)在瑞典議會外罷課,以”Fridays for Future”要求瑞典政府減少碳排放量,受到格蕾塔的啟發,全球成千上萬的學生開始為氣候罷課,呼籲各國政府正視地球暖化,達成減碳目標。

2017年,當時17歲的高中生王宣茹,沒有投票權,卻因在公共政策網路參與平臺上傳了「全國應該漸進式禁用免洗餐具」的提案,獲得5,253人連署,因而參與了政策制定,最終政府做出限用塑膠吸管政策的承諾,實踐年輕人的公民力量。

In 2018, Swedish climate girl, Greta Tintin Eleonora Ernman Thunberg, went on strike outside the Swedish parliament and asked the Swedish government to reduce carbon emissions with "Fridays for Future". Inspired by Greta, thousands of students around the world started to strike for climate, advising that governments to face up to global warming and achieve the goal of carbon reduction.

In 2017, WANG XUAN-RU, a 17-year-old high school student who did not have the right to vote but uploaded the proposal, "the whole nation shall prohibit disposable tableware gradually", and obtained 5,253 petitions on public policy online participation platform. In the end, the government made a commitment to a policy of restricting the use of plastic straws and fulfilled civic force of the youth.

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